Scientific Meetings of
The Chicago Psychoanalytic Society

7:30pm to 9:30 pm
Pritzker Auditorium
Northwestern Memorial Hospital, Feinberg Pavilion
(unless otherwise noted)


September 26, 2000
Presenter: Judith S. Yanof, M.D.

Barbie and the Tree of Life:
The Multiple Functions of Gender in Development

Discussant: M. Barrie Richmond, M.D.


Gender identity is the lens through which people experience being boy or girl, man or woman. It is a complex compromise formation that is not separate from the wishes, fears, and intrapsychic conflicts of other domains. Over the course of development, gender identity becomes layered and reconfigured. This paper looks at one child's experience of gender over several phases in her development in order to learn how gender is integrated into identity. At different times, as different conflicts came to the fore, she used gender to shape and lend definition to those conflicts. Conversely, her experiences in other spheres influenced her experience of gender.

October 24, 2000
Presenter: Jerome Winer, M.D.
In collaboration with: Eric Ornstein, MA

Titration in the Treatment of the More Troubled Patient
Discussant: Kenneth Newman, M.D.


This paper focuses on defining and discussing a modification of technique the authors recommend in the psychoanalytic treatment of more troubled patients, a modification they call titration. Titration is defined as a conscious decision by the analyst to gradually increase or decrease the level of assistance (or gratification) in order to facilitate the analytic process. The complexity of nodal points in treatment is emphasized by focusing on the decision making process faced by analysts in implementing titration. Guidelines and a case vignette are presented. The authors conclude by discussing some of the politics involved in the introduction of technique modifications, the salience of the titration concept and directions for further exploration.

At the Institute
November 28, 2000
Business Meeting

January 23, 2001
Presenter: John Munder Ross, Ph.D.

"INTERSUBJECTIVITY:" Preconscious Defense Analysis and the Neuropsychology of Memory
Discussant: Mark Levey, M.D.

The Knickerbocher Hotel in Chicago
February 24, 2001
The Seventeenth Biennial Conference on Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy

Featured Speaker: Evelyne Albrecht Schwaber, M.D.
Discussants: Kenneth Newman, M.D.
Steven Stern, Psy.D.

Abstract Not Available

February 27, 2001
Presenter: Virginia Saft, M.D.

The Role of Recognition Memory in Reconstruction
Discussant: Daniel Busch, M.D.


The role of recognition memory in the reconstruction of very early childhood events is explored via the study of a treatment in which unremembered early childhood abuse was reconstructed. The patient’s extensive associations to newspaper and TV news stories, movie plots, patient case histories and novels came to be understood as a way of remembering by recognition early childhood moves as well as sexual abuse which had no later childhood equivalents to serve as screen memories. This necessitates a discussion of the concept of implicit memory. A memory research phenomenon called printing, which enables subjects to recognize previously encountered but unremembered material is discussed with the associated concept of recognition memory. A corollary question is raised as to whether all screen memories are not in fact triggered by a specific kind of recognition memory in day residues.

April 24, 2001
Presenter: Douglas Kirsner, Ph.D.

Australian Author of Unfree Association will speak on the History of the Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis and the Future of Psychoanalysis
Discussant: Meyer Gunther, M.D.


The Chicago Institute Story:
From Machine Politics to Democracy

Like the city itself, Chicago’s leading psychoanalytic institute was from its beginnings, ‘on the make.’ This story is not about personalities so much as about a crucial structural fault in the governance of the Chicago Institute that allowed boosterism, authoritarianism and conflicts of interest to flourish. This flaw eventually brought about the fall of its director as well as a revolution by the members that brought about a greater measure of democracy and ethics to the Chicago Institute’s structure. This paper will detail the history of the Chicago Institute from its 1932 inception until the ‘revolution,’ and will explore the structural reasons for the changes, through the directorships of Drs. Alexander, Piers and Pollock.

May 22, 2001
Presenter: Shelley Doctors, Ph.D.

Clinical Notes Toward a Reconsideration of Adolescent Turmoil
Discussant: Robert Galatzer-Levy, M.D.


In this paper, the author takes issue with Anna Freud’s (1958) claim that adolescent turmoil is normative adolescent separation distress and suggests instead that when it occurs, turmoil in adolescence is better understood as attachment-individuation difficulties. Two supporting clinical vignettes are offered which illustrate the aspect of individuation referred to as “finding one’s own voice.” the first case illustrates the turmoil that may result when insecurely attached adolescents attempt to rework emotional ties in adolescence. The second illustrates healthier attachment-individuation in adolescence. The material implies that individuation is not solely determined by structures within the adolescent but is codetermined by the subjective psychological worlds of those who interact with the adolescent, as the adolescent’s psychological organization is formed, maintained and transformed in highly specific intersubjective environments providing (or failing to provide) specific selfobject experiences.

June 26, 2001
Presidential Address
Phil Lebovitz, M.D.

What is Empathy is the Question

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